San Bernardino alle Ossa

    The Church
    Amongst one of the stranger things to do in Milan, San Bernardino is an unusual sight, a highlight on a Milan guided tour. In the 12th century, an orphanage was built here, alongside a church dedicated to Saint Stephen. Also in the vicinity were a hospital, and a cemetery for everyone who died there. In 1269 another small church was built, and it was dedicated to Saint Bernardino in the 15th century. In 1642 the belltower of the church of Santo Stefano collapsed onto the church of San Bernardino, and during the reconstruction work, vast quantities of human bones were excavated from the old cemetery.
    The Chapel
    In a small chapel annexed to the church of San Bernardino, you can see how the bones and skulls were used as a form of decoration, creating a contrast with the vault frescoed in Rococo style by Sebastiano Ricci.
    San Bernardino alle Ossa milan guided tour San Bernardino alle Ossa milan guided tour
    The fresco
    In 1695, the chapel’s vault was frescoed by Sebastiano Ricci with a Triumph of Souls and Flying Angels. In the triangular pedentives, the Virgin, Saint Ambrose, Saint Sebastian and Saint Bernardino of Siena are depicted.
    San Bernardino alle Ossa milan guided tour
     

    A curiosity

    In 1738, King John V of Portugal visited the chapel, and liked it so much that he commissioned the refurbishment of an existing chapel in Evora, near Lisbon. The “Capela dos Ossos” is, like the Milanese original, an expression of the Counter-Reformist period, and invites reflection on the brevity of human life.